Center for Functional Materials (FUNMAT) is a research center in functional materials based at Åbo Akademi University. FUNMAT is combining the expertise in chemistry, physics, biology, paper coating and printing to develop functional materials, devices and large area manufacturing for interfacing with biological systems. The multidisciplinary research is done in close collaboration with industry and our extensive collaboration network throughout the world.

Characterization Techniques

Surface Characterization

Research microscope with optical and video cameras Nikon Microphot FXA
Upright microscope with Nikon DS-FI2 camera Olympus BX60 + BX-FLA
Stereo microscope Olympus SZX12
Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) Veeco (di) MultiMode V
Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) Ntegra-Prima AFM

Particle and Dispersion Characterization

Particle sizing, aerosols, disperions Malvern 2600
Particle size and zeta potential meter Malvern Zetasizer Nano ZS
Particle size and zeta potential meter Malvern Zetasizer 3000
Rheometer, controlled stress Paar-Physica MCR 300
Rheometer, controlled stress Bohlin CS
Sorptometer ASAP 2010
Sorptometer Hydrosorb 1000
Sorptometer Autosorb 1
Zeta potential meter Acoustosizer II
Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) MBraun camera, Seifert source
X-ray diffraction (XRD / SAXS) Bruker D8 Discover

Solution and Liquid Crystal Characterization

Tensiometer for liquids Sensadyne 9000 Bubble Tensiometer
Optical tension and contact angle meter (x 2) KSV CAM 200
Densitometer, vibrating tube Anton-Paar DSA5000
Tension and contact angle meter, receding & advancing KSV Sigma 70
Stability of emulsions, suspensions and foams Formulaction Turbiscan Classic MA 2000
Freezing point osmometer Gonotec Osmomat 030
Membrane filtration and separation Sterlitech cross-flow filtration equipment


FTIR Spectrometer Perkin-Elmer FTIR-1000
FTIR Viewing Micro ATR System (3x) Sensir Durascope (Perkin-Elmer FTIR 1000)
FTIR Spectrometer Bruker Equinox 55, connected to TGA 209
Luminescence Spectrometer PerkinElmer LS50B
UV-vis Spectrometer Shimadzu UV-2501PC
UV-vis-NIR Spectrometer, Integrating Sphere, Fibres, etc. Perkin-Elmer Lambda 900 system
UV-vis spectrometer Thermo ScientificNanoDrop 2000c
Diffuse reflectance unit SpectraTech 0030-0011
Attenuated Total Reflectance unit ATR Specac Specaclamp ATR 11080
FTIR Microscope Bruker IR Microscope A 590

Other instruments

Thermobalance and FTIR analysator Netzsch TGA 209, connected to Bruker Equinox FTIR
Thermobalance with MS analysator STA 449F1 Jupiter (TG) and QMS 403C Aêolos (MS)
Quarz crystal microbalance KSV QCM Z- 500

Cell Imaging

More information:

Widefield microscope Zeiss Axiovert 200M (inverted microscope)
Widefield microscope Zeiss SteREO Lumar V12 with Microinjection
Widefield microscope EVOSfl cell culture microscope
Widefield microscope Leica DMRE (upright microscope)
Widefield microscope Leica DM RXA (upright microscope)
Widefield microscope Leica DM IRBE (inverted microscope)
Confocal microscope Zeiss LSM780
Confocal microscope 3i CSU-W1 spinning disk
Confocal microscope Zeiss LSM510 with JPK Nanowizard II AFM
Confocal microscope Leica TCS SP5 Matrix
Confocal microscope Leica TCS SP1
Confocal microscope Leica TCS SP5 Multiphoton
Confocal microscope BD Pathway 855
Confocal microscope 3i CSU22 spinning disk
Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy FLIM Lambert LIFA FLIM
Total Internal Reflection Microscopy TIRFM Zeiss TIRF microscope
Fluorescence stereo microscope Zeiss SteREO Lumar V12
Laser-capture microsdissection LCM Zeiss P.A.L.M. LCM
Atomic Force Microscope Agilent 5500 AFM
Imaging Perkin Elmer Operetta High Content Imaging System
Flow cytometer BD LSR Fortessa
Flow cytometer BD FACSCalibur
Flow cytometer BD LSR II
Flow cytometer BD Accuri C6
Flow cytometer BD FACSAria IIu
Gel analyser BioRad ChemiDoc MP
Microplate reader BioTek Synergy H1 multi-mode reader
Gel analyser Li-Cor Odyssey


Particle size analyses for liquid suspensions and dry powders Sympatec GmbH / HelosKF
UV-Vis Spectrophotometer Thermo Scientific NanoDrop 2000c
UV-Vis Spectrophotometer PerkinElmer LAMBDA 35
Fluorospectrometer Thermo Scientific NanoDrop 3300
Small scale microwave synthesis of nanoparticles Anton Paar Monowave 300
Dissolution testing of pharmaceutics Sotax AT7 dissolution unit
Fluorescence plate reader Thermo Scientific Varioskan Flash
Pulver flow studies FlowPro
Compound structure analysis PerkinElmer ATR-IR
Surface structure analysis (custom built) Scanning White Light Interferometer SWLI
Disintegration studies of solid pharmaceutics Sotax DT2
Tapped density measurements of powder systems Copley Scientific JV2000
Melt flow measurements of casted films Custom Scientific Instruments Melt flow indexer Type MF12
Sample separation; nanoparticles HealForce Neofuge 13
Texture analyser of different materials Stable Micro Systems Texture Analyser
Printing of pharmaceutical formulations PiXDRO LP50 printer system
Printing of 3D structures UP Plus 3D material printer
3D printer BioBots 3D printer
Polymorf studies of active pharmaceutical ingredients TA Instruments DSC Q2000 + Refridger Cooling System 40
Microscopy Westburg Evos XL

Organic Electronics

Glove box MBRAUN Unilab glove box
Spin coater Chemat Technology KW-4A
Vacuum evaporator CVC
Vacuum evaporator JEOL JEE-4B
Thickness meter Intellemetrics IL 150
Thickness meter Maxtek TM-100
Vacuum drying oven < 250 ºC Binder
Sputter, O+2 and N+2 plasma etcher Bal-Tec SCD 050
Langmuir-Blodgett film deposition equipment KSV 2200
Atomic force microscope Veeco diCaliber AFM
Atomic force microscope Parc Scientific Instruments AFM Autoprobe CP
Upright microscope Olympus BX60 with fluorescence equipment and CCD-camera
Modular DC Source/Monitor Agilent 4142B
Voltage source Keithley 230
Current source Keithley 220
Power source (multiple) Kikusui, Agilent E3631A, Keithley 2230-30-1, ...)
Signal/waveform generators (multiple) Stanford DS345, DG535, Agilent 33522B, ...
Electrometer Keithley 617
Sourcemeters (multiple) Keithley 2612, 2636, 2400
Picoammeter Keithley 485
Multimeters (multiple) Keithley 2000, 2001, 2100 (2x), Agilent 34410A, 34461A, ...
Lock-in amplifiers (multiple) Stanford SR510, SR830
Memory oscilloscopes (multiple) Tektronix 680B, 2230, Agilent MSOX2002, ...
Scanner, low current and voltage measuerments Keithley 7001
High-voltage amplifier TREK 2205
Optical table Newport RS 3000 (1.5 x 3.0 m)
UV-vis absorption spectrometer Hitachi U-3200
Luminescence spectrometer Perkin-Elmer LS 50B
Spectrometer, 200-850 nm Ocean Optics USB2000
Laser, Ar+, 10 W MLVS, 1.3 W MLUV Coherent innova 90C6
Laser, Pulsed Nd:YAG, 6-8 ns, 1064 nm, 532 nm, 355 nm Brilliant Ultra GRM, Quantel
Laser, Dye Coherent CR 599
Laser, N2-dye pulse laser, 5 ns, 400 muJ/pulse Oriel 79110
Diode lasers (multiple), 785 nm, 45 mW Power Technology PM(785-60), PMT(785-50)
Diode laser, 905 nm, 8 mW PMT(905-10)
Diode lsaer, 980 nm, 40 mW PMT(980-50)

Surface chemical analysis instrumentation accessible via TopAnalytica


TOF-SIMS Time Of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy
ESCA Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (XPS)
SEM-EDS Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectrometer
BIB Broad Ion Beam cutting
EPMA Electron Probe MicroAnalysis (SEM-WDS)